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Ancient Gods of Gambling: Gods of Luck and Fortune

April 29, 2022

Written By,

Brijesh Mehta


Gambling has been around for a long, long time. From dice games that have evolved into today’s craps to coin tosses that have evolved into today’s coins placed in fountains, we’ve sought ways to wager for millennia. In ancient times, it wasn’t as easy to bet your fortune on something as it is today: there were no online betting apps or online live casino.

It wasn’t simple to gamble one’s fortunes, so people looked to particular gods for assistance. Hermes, Thoth, Mercury, Lakshmi, and Macuilxochitl are some of the most well-known gambling gods and gods/goddesses of luck and prosperity.

Ancient Gods of Gambling

Lakshmi – The Indian Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity

Lakshmi’s most prominent Hindu deity, Vishnu, is his eternal consort and power source. She can bring good fortune and money, but she despises the greediness that these things might get, and she is pleased to criticize those who deserve it. The Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika is celebrated with the 5-day festival of lights Diwali, Divali, and Deepavali.

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Hermes – Greek God of Gambling

In Greek mythology, gambling has long been a part of life. Hermes, son of Zeus, is frequently represented as a messenger to the gods with winged sandals and a little spherical helmet. He is credited with establishing the alphabet and fire and dice, and gamblers revere him as a deity of fortune and money.

Thoth – The Egyptian God of the Moon, Magic Wisdom, Gambling, and Time

Throwing sticks or stones to affirm the conclusion of a ceremony was common in ancient Egyptian religious traditions. Historians believe that this method of divination evolved into modern-day gambling. According to legend, the year was only 360 days long, and Nut was infertile and unable to produce offspring at this time. Thoth was the one who won a 5-day bet with the Moon (or 1/72nd of the Moon’s brightness).


Macuilxochitl, which means “Five Flower” in Aztec, is the Aztec deity of music, dancing, flowers, and gambling. He is one of five deities of pleasure and excess, and he is known for being a vindictive and evil deity. The Aztecs worshiped and sacrificed to him to stay on his good side.


Nezha is a naughty Chinese deity of luck and gambling. He was born during the Shang Dynasty, according to legend, after his mother had been pregnant for three years and six months. He was born in a little boy’s body rather than a baby’s. The son of the Dragon King, Ao-Ping, approached Nezha. He defeated his foe and killed him, but he took his own life to defend his family and the people.

Nohoilpi, Navajo God of Gambling

Nohoilpi, the Navajo God of Gambling, is also known as the Great Gambler. He came to Earth, according to Navajo folklore, to teach men how to gamble. He rapidly outperformed all other men at the games, gaining their wives and children, their properties, and even the men themselves. Other Navajo gods were aware of his abuse of power and developed a strategy to teach him a lesson. Navajo gods granted an ordinary man remarkable skills during a magical night, allowing him to defeat Noholpi at gambling and release the captives.

Papa Legba

Papa Legba is a voodoo god who sits at a spiritual fork in the path. He has the appearance of an elderly guy who wears a cap and walks with a cane. He enjoys gaming, particularly with cards, and welcomes cigarettes from his supporters. Papa Legba, according to mythology, grants or rejects permission to communicate with the spirits.

Fortuna – Goddess of Fate, Luck, and Abundance

Fortuna is the Roman goddess of good fortune and luck. The wheel of fortune, a rudder, and the horn of plenty are frequently represented on her. Her name has inspired English fortune and fate sayings such as “May the odds be eternally in your favor.”


Tyche is a Greek goddess who bestows good and ill fortune on her subjects. She’s also linked to Agathos Daimon, a benign spirit who protects individuals and their families, and Nemesis, who punishes overly wealthy males. One of her monuments is a temple at Argos, where the first dice set was invented.

Lofn, Goddess of Games

Lofn is a Norse goddess of love, but gamblers frequently pray to her for good luck or rehabilitation from addiction to gambling. She is one of Asgard’s lesser-known residents, and she may bestow good fortune on the brave. People play games in her honor, and card games are modified to include a “ghost player” so the goddess can participate.

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Mercury – The Roman God of Luck and Financial Gain

Mercury, also known as Mercurius in Latin, is the Roman god of luck and riches. Jupiter’s son, Mercury, is the gods’ and goddesses’ fleet-footed messenger. He is the Roman god of merchants, travelers, cargo transporters, and the protector of thieves and fraudsters.

Dažbog – The Slavic God of Fortune and Wealth

Dazbog (also Dazdbog, Dog, and Dajbog) was a Sun, Flame, and Rain god recorded in several medieval texts. He was regarded as a “giving-god” and was considered an ancestral deity, a frequent function of a cultural hero archetype in myths. The most accurate literal translation of Dabog is “dispenser of fortune.”

Gefion – The Norse Goddess of Luck and Prosperity

Then there’s Gefion, the Norse goddess of unmarried women. Gefion is a goddess associated with the Danish island of Zealand, the mythical Swedish king Gylphi, and the famed Danish king Skjöldr, as well as investment, wisdom, and virginity, according to Norse mythology. Gefion was the fourth goddess of the Sir, after Frigg, Sága, and Eir, according to the Poetic Edda.

Gad – The Pan-Semitic God of Fortune

Gad was a pan-Semic deity of fortune who was also referenced in the Bible, in the Book of Isaiah. He was usually depicted as a man but was also referred to as a female. The shortness of his given name Gad (fortune and pleasure), reveals nothing about his personality and identity. Assuming that Gad arose as a personification, worship of this deity has been seen as a very recent religious phenomenon.

Japan – Seven Lucky Gods

In Japanese mythology, the Seven Lucky Gods (Seven Gods of Fortune) are supposed to bring good fortune and are widely represented in netsuke, paintings, and sculptures. One of these gods’ characters, Jurjin, is supposed to be based on a natural person. The significance of the number seven in Japan, a well-known emblem of good fortune, drew people to these gods.

Macuilxochitl – The Aztec God of Gambling

Macuilxochipilli, or ‘flower prince,’ is an Aztec deity of love which is one of five gods that embody excess and extravagance. The number five is significant because it denotes a lot in Aztec culture, so the Aztecs worshiped him and offered sacrifices. He is in charge of several joys in life, including music, dance, art, writing, gaming, and gambling.

Nohoipili – The Gambling God of Navajo

Nohoilpi is a Navajo deity of gambling who liked playing games and, since he was adept at them, would challenge others to play, knowing he would win. Nohoipili had gained houses with families living in them at some time and had enslaved these impoverished people. The gods bestowed unique gambling abilities on an ordinary man, allowing him to defeat him and liberate all others imprisoned.

Nortia – Etruscan Goddess of Fate and Chance

Nortia, an Etruscan goddess, was known for her power over fate, destiny, chance, and time. Nortia is included among other goddesses of fortune and possibility, like the Roman goddess Fortuna and Martianus Capella. Sors, Nemesis, and Tyche are some of the other deities.

Saint Cajetan – Patron Saint of Gamblers

St. Cajetan, also known as Gaetano Dei Conti di Thiene, was a well-known guardian of gamblers who also aided the jobless, gamers, and document controllers. He was an Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer who co-founded the Theatines and lived from 1480 until 1547. His feast day is August 7, and he is a saint in the Catholic Church.


Gambling has been around for as long as there have been people. Hermes, Thoth, Mercury, Lakshmi, and Macuilxochitl are some of the most well-known gambling gods. Nohoilpi was a Navajo gambling god who loved to play games and would dare others to play, knowing he would win. Despite Lofn being a Norse goddess of love, gamblers frequently pray to her for good luck.

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Written By,

Brijesh Mehta

Brijesh Mehta is a content writer & strategist from India providing his top-notch skills & expertise in the Sports and online casino industry for more than seven years. He is an avid reader and creative writer who is fond of words and uses them to teach others about online betting and trending sports news through his in-depth guides.